Global business travel spending plunged by 60% year-on-year to USD 504 billion amid the pandemic, while leisure travel spending dipped 50% below pre-Covid-19 levels, according to data presented by outsourcing portal Aksje Bloggen.
The Covid-19 pandemic turned the global travel and tourism industry upside down in 2020, grounding airlines, emptying hotels, and stopping almost all business and leisure travel for months.
Although hotels and resorts implemented increased safety and sanitation measures and cautiously reopened in the second half of 2020, the pandemic’s second wave brought a new hit to the entire sector, causing revenues to plunge to the lowest point in decades.
83% of business travel companies laid off employees
The contribution of business tourism to the total global GDP has fluctuated slightly since 1995, always staying in the range of 0.6 per cent and 0.8 per cent. In 2019, the US was the country with the highest business tourism spending globally, revealed the World Travel and Tourism Council (WTTC) data. The overall US expenditure on business trips by domestic and international travellers amounted to around $354 billion that year. The European Union and China followed on the ranking, recording business travel spending of roughly USD 241 billion and USD 179 billion, respectively. However, the Covid-19 changed that, as travel was limited to reduce the spread of the virus. In 2019, the global business travel spending hit an all-time high of nearly USD 1.3 trillion. After the Covid-19 struck, this figure plunged by USD 790 billion to the lowest level in decades.
As a result, most business travel companies were forced to make huge cuts. According to a February 2021 Global Business Travel Association (GBTA) study, 83 per cent of respondents stated that their companies implemented layoffs. Also, 74 per cent of the respondents claimed their business travel firms furloughed employees, and the same percentage confirmed pay cuts.
Another GBTA survey conducted in March showed that only 28 per cent of companies have considered resuming domestic business travels in the near future, between one and three months. In contrast, just 8 per cent of respondents stated their firms would continue international business trips within the same period.
Leisure tourism spending plunged by USD 2.3 trillion
As the largest sector of the tourism industry, leisure travel also suffered colossal revenue losses last year. Between 2010 and 2019, global leisure travel spending doubled and hit nearly USD 4.7 trillion. However, after the Covid-19 hit, market revenues plunged 50 per cent year-on-year to USD 2.3 trillion in 2020, deep below 2005 levels.
The Statista survey showed it would take years for the entire sector to recover from the effects of the coronavirus pandemic. In 2021, the combined revenues of the hotels, cruises, package holidays, and private vacation rentals are projected to grow by 54 per cent year-over-year to $540 billion, still 26 per cent less than in 2019.
The year 2022 is forecast to witness USD 666.1 billion in revenues, still USD 72.7 billion below pre-Covid-19 levels. By the end of 2023, travel and tourism revenues are expected to rise to USD 768.4 billion.